Giải đề dự đoán IELTS Writing July 2023: restoration of old buildings

Đề dự đoán IELTS Writing Task 2, quý 3, tháng 7, 2023. Chủ đề bảo tồn các công trình cổ tại thành phố lớn.

IELTS Writing Forecast Task Question:

The restoration of old buildings in major cities in the world costs enormous government expenditure. This money should be used in new housing and road development. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Social)

Detailed Outline 1: for IELTS Writing Task 2

Introduction:

  • Writer’s opinion:Disagree with the opinion that restoring old buildings is costly and funds should be used for new housing and road development.

Body paragraph 1:

  • Topic sentence: Preserving old buildings contributes to cultural heritage and identity.
  • Supporting detail 1: Old buildings represent a city’s identity and heritage.
    • Explanation: Unique architectural styles and historical value reflect cultural heritage.
    • Example: Colosseum and Taj Mahal attract tourists, boost local economies, and promote cultural exchange.
  • Supporting detail 2: Restoration maintains a connection to the past.
    • Reason: Allows future generations to appreciate and learn from history.
    • Example: Renovated historic buildings, like museums, provide educational opportunities.

Body paragraph 2:

  • Topic sentence: Restoration stimulates economic growth and tourism.
  • Supporting detail 1:Renovating old buildings creates jobs.
    • Example: Castle restoration creates jobs for craftsmen, builders, and tour guides.
    • Result: Provides employment for local communities.
  • Supporting detail 2: Preserved historic buildings attract tourists.
    • Benefit: Well-preserved sites and landmarks appeal to tourists.
    • Example: Paris and Prague benefit from tourists, boosting local businesses.
  • Counterargument: Critics argue new housing and roads have a direct impact on citizens’ lives.
  • Rebuttal: Restoration promotes tourism, benefiting local businesses and quality of life.

Conclusion:

  • Restate writer’s opinion: Preservation of historical structures is crucial  
  • Recap main points:Restoration contributes to a city’s character, tourism, and economic opportunities.

Model Essay 1

There is a current debate on whether governments should prioritize allocating funds to preserving historic structures in major cities or to new housing and road development. I firmly disagree with diverting funds from conserving old buildings. This essay will argue that safeguarding historical structures preserves cultural heritage, stimulates economic growth, and boosts tourism.

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Preserving old buildings plays a pivotal role in upholding cultural heritage and identity as they represent a city’s past and unique architectural styles, showcasing its cultural legacy. Renowned landmarks like the Colosseum and the Taj Mahal attract tourists globally, bolstering local economies and promoting cultural exchange. These historical sites epitomize a city’s identity, and restoration initiatives help maintain a connection to the past, enabling future generations to appreciate and learn from history. Renovated heritage buildings, such as museums, offer educational opportunities and safeguard the narratives and wisdom of previous eras. By preserving old buildings, we ensure the preservation of our heritage and the transmission of valuable lessons from the past to future generations.

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Furthermore, the conservation of historic structures also fosters economic growth and tourism. The process of restoring old buildings creates job opportunities for craftsmen, builders, and tour guides, benefiting local communities. This not only enhances the economic conditions of the region but also strengthens social cohesion by empowering individuals and communities. Moreover, well-maintained heritage buildings attract tourists who are eager to immerse themselves in the rich history and cultural significance of a place. Cities like Paris and Prague reap substantial benefits from tourism, as it stimulates local businesses and contributes to overall economic development. While some argue for allocating funds to new housing and road development, it is important to recognize that the economic advantages derived from tourism can be reinvested in other areas, such as infrastructure and housing projects, thus achieving a balance between preservation and modernization.

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In conclusion, the preservation of old buildings significantly contributes to a city’s character, tourism, and economic prospects. These structures are not mere relics of the past but serve as vivid reminders of our cultural heritage and identity. Therefore, governments must prioritize the conservation of historic buildings alongside new housing and road development.

355 words

Topic vocabulary

English phrasesTranslation
prioritize allocating funds to preserving historic structuresưu tiên phân bổ nguồn vốn để bảo tồn công trình lịch sử
diverting funds from conserving old buildingschuyển hướng nguồn vốn khỏi việc bảo tồn tòa nhà cũ
safeguarding historical structuresbảo vệ các công trình lịch sử
upholding cultural heritagebảo tồn di sản văn hóa
unique architectural stylesnhững phong cách kiến trúc độc đáo
bolstering local economiestăng cường nền kinh tế địa phương
Renovated heritage buildingscác tòa nhà di tích đã được tu sửa
safeguard the narratives and wisdom of previous erasbảo tồn những hồi ức và tri thức của những thời đại trước
fosters economic growththúc đẩy sự phát triển kinh tế
enhances the economic conditionscải thiện điều kiện kinh tế
strengthens social cohesioncủng cố sự gắn kết xã hội
well-maintained heritage buildingscác tòa nhà di tích được bảo quản tốt
reap substantial benefits fromthu về những lợi ích đáng kể từ
stimulates local businesseskích thích hoạt động kinh doanh địa phương
the economic advantages derived from tourismnhững lợi ích kinh tế phát sinh từ ngành du lịch
relics of the pastnhững di tích của quá khứ
serve as vivid reminders of our cultural heritagelà những lời nhắc sống động về di sản văn hóa của chúng ta

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Topic vocabulary and reasoning exercises:

Detailed Outline 2: for IELTS Writing Task 2

Introduction:

  • Writer’s opinion: Restoration of old buildings costs enormous government expenditure; funds should be used for new housing and road development.

Body paragraph 1:

Topic sentence: Restoration of old buildings drains significant financial resources.

  • Reason: Extensive repairs and maintenance of old buildings require substantial funding.
  • Comparison: Instead of restoring a dilapidated heritage building, funds could be used to construct affordable housing, benefiting more people and creating employment opportunities.
  • Counterargument: Some argue that preserving old buildings maintains cultural heritage and identity.
  • Rebuttal:
    • While important, restoring every old building may outweigh the financial benefits.
    • Selectively preserving key heritage sites and allocating remaining funds strikes a balance between conservation and societal needs.

Body paragraph 2:

Topic sentence: Investing in new housing and road development yields long-term benefits.

  • Benefit 1: Constructing new housing reduces strain on the market and provides affordable homes, fostering social stability and inclusivity.
  • Benefit 2: Developing roads enhances transportation infrastructure, easing congestion and improving connectivity, leading to economic activities and growth.
  • Hypothesis:If funds solely go to restoring old buildings, infrastructure suffers, impacting residents’ lives and hindering economic growth.
  • Rebuttal: Investing in new housing and road development benefits both residents and visitors, creating a thriving community.

Conclusion:

  • Restate opinion: restoring old buildings incurs significant government expenditure.
  • Recap main ideas: Channeling funds towards new housing and road development benefits the community.

Model Essay 2

There is an ongoing debate about whether governments should allocate substantial funds to the refurbishment of historic structures in major cities or prioritize new housing and road development. In this essay, I will argue that, rather than investing exorbitant amounts in the restoration of old buildings, the funds should be directed towards new housing and road development.

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Restoring old buildings carries a hefty price tag. Recent research conducted in Vietnam revealed that the average cost of renovating a single historic structure in Hanoi exceeded $1 million. Instead of expending such significant resources on these projects, it would be more beneficial to allocate the funds towards constructing affordable housing, providing homes for a larger portion of the population, and generating employment opportunities. While the preservation of cultural heritage and identity is important, we must consider the financial implications. By selectively preserving key heritage sites and appropriately distributing the remaining funds, we can strike a balance between conservation and meeting societal needs.

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Investing in new housing and road development offers immediate advantages and long-term benefits. According to statistics from a Department of Urban Planning study, constructing new housing reduces housing shortages by 30% and provides affordable homes for an additional 45% of individuals, promoting social stability and inclusivity. Furthermore, developing road infrastructure improves transportation, reducing congestion and enhancing connectivity. This, in turn, stimulates economic activity and growth. If funds are solely allocated to the restoration of old buildings, infrastructure development suffers, negatively impacting residents’ lives and impeding economic progress. By prioritizing new housing and road development, we can create a thriving community that benefits both residents and visitors.

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In conclusion, I argue against allocating substantial government funds to the restoration of old buildings. Instead, directing these resources towards new housing and road development offers broader community benefits. This approach ensures the provision of affordable housing, promotes social stability, and stimulates economic growth.

310 words

Topic vocabulary

English phrasesTranslation
allocate substantial funds to the refurbishment of historic structuresphân bổ nguồn vốn đáng kể để tân trang các công trình lịch sử
investing exorbitant amounts inđầu tư số tiền quá cao vào
carries a hefty price tagcó một giá trị đáng kể
consider the financial implicationsxem xét các tác động tài chính
selectively preserving key heritage sitesbảo tồn có lựa chọn các điểm di sản quan trọng
appropriately distributing the remaining fundsphân phối hợp lý nguồn vốn còn lại
strike a balance betweenđạt được sự cân bằng giữa
reducing congestiongiảm tắc nghẽn
stimulates economic activity and growthkích thích hoạt động và tăng trưởng kinh tế
impeding economic progresscản trở tiến bộ kinh tế
create a thriving communitytạo ra một cộng đồng phát triển
argue against allocating substantial government funds tolập luận rằng không nên phân bổ nguồn vốn đáng kể của chính phủ để
offers broader community benefitsmang lại những lợi ích rộng hơn cho cộng đồng
ensures the provision of affordable housingđảm bảo việc cung cấp nhà ở giá cả phải chăng
promotes social stabilitythúc đẩy sự ổn định xã hội
stimulates economic growthkích thích sự phát triển kinh tế

Topic vocabulary and reasoning exercises:

 

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