Giải đề dự đoán IELTS Writing July 2023: consume natural resources: problems and solutions

Đề dự đoán IELTS Writing Task 2, quý 2 và quý 3, tháng 7, 2023 chủ đề sử dụng quá mức tài nguyên thiên nhiên.

IELTS Writing Forecast Task Question:

The natural resources, such as oil, forests, and water, are being consumed at an alarming rate, what problems does it cause? How can we solve these problems? (Environment)

Detailed Outline: for IELTS Writing Task 2


  • Introduce the topic of the depletion of natural resources and its impact on the environment.
  • Outline: present problems and solutions

Body paragraph 1: Problems caused by the consumption of natural resources

Problem 1: Climate change

  • Explanation:  Burning fossil fuels releases greenhouse gases.
  • Result: Global warming, changes or disruptions in weather patterns
  • Example: Deforestation in Amazon and forest fires  => reduce the capacity to absorb carbon dioxide, exacerbate climate change

Problem 2: Loss of biodiversity

  • Explanation: deforestation and destruction of forests eliminate habitats for plants and animals -> die out
  • Example: pollution from oil spills harms marine life, destroys marine ecosystems

Body paragraph 2: Solutions to resource consumption problems

  • Solution 1: Sustainable resource management and conservation
    • Reforestation programs: Forest restoration, protection.
    • Renewable energy promotion: Solar, wind power, reducing fossil fuel reliance.
    • Responsible water usage: Awareness campaigns, efficient irrigation.
  • Solution 2: Promoting a circular economy
    • Recycling initiatives: Waste reduction, resource conservation.
    • Sustainable farming practices: Minimal water usage, soil protection.
    • Sustainable fishing practices: Ensuring marine ecosystem viability.


  • Summarize problems caused by resource consumption: climate change and loss of biodiversity
  • Highlight solutions: sustainable resource management, circular economy promotion.

Model Essay

The depletion of natural resources and its environmental impact are significant concerns. This essay will explore the problems resulting from the rapid consumption of resources such as oil, forests, and water, and discuss potential solutions to address these issues.

The consumption of natural resources leads to various problems, including climate change and loss of biodiversity. Firstly, burning fossil fuels releases greenhouse gases, contributing to global warming. This results in changes in weather patterns and adverse effects on ecosystems. For instance, deforestation, such as in the Amazon rainforest, reduces the Earth’s capacity to absorb carbon dioxide, exacerbating climate change. Forest fires, often caused by human activities, further intensify this problem. Secondly, the consumption of natural resources contributes to the loss of biodiversity. Deforestation and the destruction of forests eliminate habitats for countless plants and animals, leading to their extinction. Additionally, oil spills in oceans cause pollution, harming marine life and destroying entire ecosystems. These environmental disturbances disrupt the delicate balance of nature and can have long-lasting consequences.


To address the problems caused by resource consumption, sustainable resource management and the promotion of a circular economy are crucial. Firstly, reforestation programs should be implemented to restore and protect forests. This involves planting trees and adopting sustainable logging practices. Furthermore, promoting renewable energy sources like solar and wind power reduces reliance on fossil fuels and decreases greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, responsible water usage is essential. Awareness campaigns can educate the public about the importance of water conservation, while efficient irrigation systems can minimize water wastage in agriculture and urban areas. Promoting a circular economy is also crucial, as it reduces waste and conserves resources. Recycling initiatives should be implemented to minimize the production of new materials, while sustainable farming practices and fishing methods should be encouraged to ensure the long-term viability of ecosystems.

In conclusion, the rapid consumption of natural resources poses significant problems for the environment. Climate change and the loss of biodiversity are direct consequences of this consumption. However, through sustainable resource management, including reforestation and renewable energy, and the adoption of a circular economy, we can mitigate these issues and ensure a more sustainable future.

355 words


Topic vocabulary

English phrasesTranslation
The depletion of natural resourcesSự cạn kiệt tài nguyên tự nhiên
the rapid consumption of resourcesSự tiêu thụ nhanh chóng tài nguyên
changes in weather patternsSự thay đổi mô hình thời tiết
reduces the Earth’s capacity to absorb carbon dioxideGiảm khả năng hấp thụ carbon dioxide của Trái đất
exacerbating climate changeLàm trầm trọng thêm vấn đề biến đổi khí hậu
further intensify this problemTăng cường vấn đề này thêm nữa
the consumption of natural resourcesSự tiêu thụ tài nguyên thiên nhiên
harming marine lifeGây hại cho đời sống đại dương
environmental disturbancesSự náo động môi trường
disrupt the delicate balance of naturePhá vỡ sự cân bằng tinh tế của tự nhiên
have long-lasting consequencesCó hậu quả kéo dài
promotion of a circular economyViệc thúc đẩy nền kinh tế vòng tròn (kinh tế tuần hoàn)
reforestation programsChương trình tái trồng rừng
adopting sustainable logging practicesÁp dụng các phương pháp khai thác gỗ bền vững
promoting renewable energy sourcesKhuyến khích các nguồn năng lượng tái tạo
reduces reliance on fossil fuelsGiảm sự phụ thuộc vào nhiên liệu hóa thạch
decreases greenhouse gas emissionsGiảm lượng khí thải nhà kính
responsible water usageSử dụng nước có trách nhiệm
Awareness campaignsChiến dịch nâng cao ý thức
efficient irrigation systemsHệ thống tưới tiết kiệm năng lượng
minimize water wastageGiảm thiểu lãng phí nước
Recycling initiativesNhững sáng kiến tái chế
sustainable farming practicesCác phương pháp trồng trọt bền vững
ensure the long-term viability of ecosystemsĐảm bảo sự sống còn dài hạn của hệ sinh thái
poses significant problems forGây ra những vấn đề đáng kể cho
the adoption of a circular economyViệc áp dụng nền kinh tế vòng tròn

Practice topic vocab for IELTS writing task 2 on Quizlet.

Topic vocabulary and reasoning exercises:

Check out and follow for more IELTS forecast:

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *