Giải đề dự đoán IELTS Writing July 2023: production causes natural environment

Đề dự đoán IELTS Writing Task 2, quý 2 và quý 3 năm 2023 chủ đề sở hữu xe ô tô, ti vi và tủ lạnh.

IELTS Writing Forecast Task Question:

The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment. What are the causes of this? What can be done to solve this problem? (Environment)

Detailed Outline: for IELTS Writing Task 2


  • Topic: Increase in consumer goods production and its impact on the environment.
  • Explore causes of the problem and propose solutions.

Body Paragraph 1: Causes of Environmental Damage

Topic Sentence: Rise in consumer goods production leads to environmental degradation.

Cause 1: Overconsumption and Resource Depletion

  • Reason: Consumer demands and materialistic culture.
  • Result: Depletion of natural resources (timber, minerals, water).
  • Comparison: Contrasting past and present resource consumption.

Cause 2: Industrial Pollution and Emissions

  • Reason: Mass production processes release harmful pollutants.
  • Result: Air, water, and soil pollution causing climate change and ecosystem disruption.
  • Example: Case study of a factory causing water contamination.

Body Paragraph 2: Solutions to Mitigate Environmental Damage

Topic Sentence: Addressing environmental challenges requires multiple solutions.

Solution 1: Sustainable Production and Consumption Practices

  • Benefit: Reduces environmental impact of consumer goods manufacturing.
  • Explanation: Adopt eco-friendly production methods (renewable energy, waste reduction).
  • Example: Successful company implementing sustainable practices.

Solution 2: Government Regulations and Incentives

  • Hypothesis: Strict environmental regulations encourage responsible production.
  • Counterargument: Some argue regulations hinder economic growth.
  • Rebuttal: Highlight successful cases of clean environment with thriving economy.


  • Summarize causes of environmental damage from consumer goods production.
  • Recap solutions: sustainable production, government regulations.
  • Emphasize collective efforts for a sustainable future.

Model Essay


The surge in consumer goods production has detrimental effects on the environment. This essay examines the causes of this issue and proposes viable solutions to mitigate the damage.


The rise in consumer goods production has become a leading cause of environmental degradation due to several interconnected factors. Firstly, driven by consumer demands and materialistic culture, there is an excessive production of goods, leading to overconsumption. Consequently, this voracious appetite for goods results in the depletion of natural resources such as timber, minerals, and water. Comparing the current consumption rates with those of the past underscores the severity of this issue and the urgent need for change. Secondly, the mass production processes used to meet the growing demands release harmful pollutants into the environment, contributing to air, water, and soil pollution. The resulting consequences include climate change and disruptions to ecosystems. For example, untreated factory wastage causing severe water contamination, impacting local flora and fauna adversely.


Addressing the environmental challenges stemming from increased consumer goods production necessitates a multi-faceted approach with multiple solutions. Firstly, adopting sustainable production and consumption practices is imperative. Embracing eco-friendly production methods, such as utilizing renewable energy sources and implementing waste reduction strategies, can significantly reduce the environmental impact of manufacturing consumer goods. For instance, many companies have successfully replaced plastic bags with bio-based ones, which can harmlessly dissolve about 20 times faster into the environment, resulting in positive environmental outcomes and serving as an exemplar for others. Secondly, implementing strict government regulations and providing incentives can encourage responsible production practices. Although some argue that such regulations may hamper economic growth, it is essential to highlight successful instances where stringent regulations have led to a cleaner environment without compromising economic prosperity.


In conclusion, the increase in consumer goods production poses a grave threat to the natural environment. By acknowledging and addressing the causes through sustainable production, government regulations, and collective efforts, we can pave the way for a sustainable future for generations to come.


327 words


Topic vocabulary

English PhrasesTranslation
The surge in consumer goods productionSự tăng mạnh sản xuất hàng tiêu dùng
The rise in consumer goods productionSự gia tăng sản xuất hàng tiêu dùng
become a leading cause of environmental degradationTrở thành nguyên nhân hàng đầu gây suy thoái môi trường
several interconnected factorsMột số yếu tố tương quan
materialistic cultureVăn hóa trọng vật chất
an excessive production of goodsSản xuất hàng hóa quá mức
driven by consumer demandsĐược thúc đẩy bởi nhu cầu của người tiêu dùng
leading to overconsumptionDẫn đến sự tiêu thụ quá mức
voracious appetite for goodsThèm muốn mãnh liệt đối với hàng hoá
the depletion of natural resourcesSự cạn kiệt tài nguyên thiên nhiên
underscore the severity ofNhấn mạnh mức độ nghiêm trọng
the mass production processQuy trình sản xuất hàng loạt
release harmful pollutants intoThải ra các chất ô nhiễm có hại vào
disruptions to ecosystemsSự xáo động đối với hệ sinh thái
necessitate a multi-faceted approachĐòi hỏi một phương pháp đa diện
adopt sustainable production and consumption practicesÁp dụng các phương pháp sản xuất và tiêu dùng bền vững
eco-friendly production methodsPhương pháp sản xuất thân thiện với môi trường
implement waste reduction strategiesThực hiện các chiến lược giảm thiểu chất thải
encourage responsible production practicesKhuyến khích các phương pháp sản xuất có trách nhiệm
stringent regulationsQuy định nghiêm ngặt

Practice topic vocab for IELTS writing task 2 on Quizlet.

Topic vocabulary and reasoning exercises:

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